Space for lasam

More Coffee Lower Diabetes Risk

Posted on: April 28, 2014


飲咖啡 防糖尿

左醫右醫 
– 22小時前

人類患二型糖尿病的風險極高,以一生計,男人的風險為32.8%〈約三人有一人得病〉,女人為38.5%〈約五人有二人得病〉。糖尿病如此常見,且不能根治,後患可大可小,包括中風、心臟病、失明等,因此必須盡力預防,以免患者痛苦,並造成家人及社會負擔。坊間不少糖尿病預防方法,最有證有據者,乃本欄在《吃白米可致命》一文已介紹,就是少吃米飯。但今次推介或較上次合乎人情,就是多喝咖啡。

引述最新研究報告如下:

研究:三項長達二十年的大型生活及飲食習慣觀察。發現:排除其他因素後,連續四年每日平均多飲一杯咖啡者,於往後四年,患上二型糖尿病風險較沒增加喝咖啡者,下降11%。一杯咖啡:是指一杯8安士小咖啡〈short〉,非大〈tall〉或巨〈grande〉。而且,最佳是黑咖啡淨飲,或只加少許糖、奶。

咖啡何解有效:

上述研究沒交代因由,但從其他研究得知,咖啡含有三種可防止胰島受破壞、維持胰島素分泌的成分,包括咖啡因〈Caffeine〉、咖啡酸〈Caffeic acid〉及綠原酸〈Chlorogenic acid〉。缺乏胰島素乃糖尿病成因。

引證結果可信:

上述研究結果跟從前另一項研究結果脗合,後者發現,平均每天飲四杯或以上咖啡人士,他們一生中患二型糖尿病風險,比其他人士低50%。

我的建議:毋須一下子每天喝四杯咖啡,但可考慮每日喝一、兩杯,且謹記少糖少奶少「忌廉」。

http://hk.news.yahoo.com/blogs/lowinglok/%E9%A3%B2%E5%92%96%E5%95%A1%E9%98%B2%E7%B3%96%E5%B0%BF-163737013.html

資料來源:
1.http://www.nbcnews.com/health/diabetes/drink-more-coffee-could-lower-diabetes-risk-n88966

2.http://www.m.webmd.com/diabetes/news/20120113/why-coffee-may-reduce-diabetes-risk?page=2

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