Sir Edward Youde


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Sir Edward Youde (Chinese: 尤德) GCMG, GCVO, MBE (19 June 1924 – 5 December 1986 in Beijing, China) was a British administrator, diplomat and Sinologist. He served as Governor of Hong Kong between 20 May 1982 and 5 December 1986.

Early years

Youde was born Penarth, Wales in the United Kingdom and attended the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies.

In 1949, Youde was serving on the frigate HMS Amethyst amidst the Chinese Civil War when it came under attack by People’s Liberation Army forces. The frigate was heavily damaged by artillery fire and became stranded in the Yangtze River. Using his skills in Mandarin, Youde negotiated with the PLA commander to secure the release of the Amethyst. Following the Amethyst’s escape from enemy territory, Youde was awarded the Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for his actions.


Youde is mainly remembered as the Governor during whose time in office the Joint Declaration on the future of Hong Kong was signed in Peking in 1984. This, amongst other things, made it clear that the British would leave Hong Kong in 1997 after 156 years of colonial rule.


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