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廣東省富縣窮縣人均GDP相差30倍

Posted on: September 3, 2010


全國最富省 廣東窮人300萬 富縣窮縣人均GDP相差30倍

(明報)2010年9月3日 星期五 05:05

【明報專訊】廣東省GDP連續多年在全國排行榜上蟬聯榜首,珠江三角洲部分城市「富可敵國」,但在粵北山區、粵東及粵西的貧窮縣,人均GDP卻只有珠三角    富縣的30分之一(見表)。廣東省最新統計報告顯示,全省1億人口中,還有316.5萬貧困人口,有200多萬戶仍住在泥磚、茅草屋內。

《南方都市報》引述廣東省政協專題調研組報告指出,珠三角地區人均GDP相當於山區的4.04倍。城市與農村居民的貧富差距惡化,城鄉收入之比由2000年的2.67:1擴大到2009年的3.12:1。

按廣東省標準,人均年收入低於1500元(人民幣.下同)者即為「貧困」。截至2009年底,廣東省仍有3409個貧困村,主要集中在粵北、粵東及粵西地區,相對貧困和尚未穩定脫貧的貧困戶高達70多萬戶,共計316.5萬人。

200多萬戶住茅草屋

在住房方面,深圳    今年上半年房屋平均成交價為每平方米1.8萬元,但與此同時,全省還有225.6萬戶人居在泥磚或茅草房中,其中茅草房達到7萬至8萬戶。若按廣東過去4年改善15萬貧窮戶住房的速度,還要50年才能令所有人都不住「貧民窟」。

廣東省政協專題調研組組長張遠貽說,山區農村貧困落後的程度,令調研組印象深刻,「感到可憐」。

不過,廣東省社會科學院人口經濟研究所教授鄭梓楨說,珠三角絕不會停滯不前「等」窮縣趕上,「珠三角自己也在發展,它基礎好、人口多,增速也很快,山區和東西兩翼即使是有所改善,在很長一段時期內也不可能趕上珠三角,甚至差距仍然會擴大。」他說,廣東的產業和勞動力的「雙轉移」才剛開始,「山區和東西兩翼的廠房可能才建好不久、剛剛投產,離一個大的上升期還需要時間。」

他又指,政府應該雙管齊下,一方面增加財政投入,另一方面以政策優惠鼓勵私人企業發展,才能令貧窮地區展現更多活力。

專家:最低工資升幅要加大

廣州市社科院研究員彭澎則認為,廣東省最低工資和貧困線標準應該逐年提升,升幅應大於GDP增速,「工人的收入應該優先增長,像現在這樣長期拿最低工資,產業根本無法升級。」

此外,他認為政府應該增加對居民住房的資助,讓民衆不至於將大部分收入花在住屋上。

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