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牛蒡的功效

Posted on: May 4, 2010


From: cm @ Monday, April 19, 2010 10:06 AM
Subject: Fw:
牛蒡的功效

 

到底牛蒡是什麼東西?請你細心閱讀。如你從來沒有食過,唔……..走寶了!查遍資料才知道它是一種神奇的植物。

牛蒡,中醫稱大力子,別名東洋蘿蔔,東洋人參。國內以前多為藥用,而在日本,則是千家萬戶的日常蔬菜之一。

牛蒡長的挺特殊,呈細長圓狀,土黃色,擺在菜攤上不怎麼起眼,沒想到卻是營養價值極高的保健型蔬菜

牛蒡早在李時珍的本草綱目中就詳細記載其能通十二經脈,除五臟惡氣久服輕身耐老,也就是說,經常食用牛蒡可以減肥,抗衰老

牛蒡屬菊科類,兩年生草本植物,其根深葉茂,福含人體所需的多種維生素及礦物質,其胡蘿蔔素含量在蔬菜中居第二位,比胡蘿蔔高150倍,蛋白質和鈣的含量為根莖類之首。

據科學檢測,牛蒡含有豐富的水分,蛋白質,脂肪,醣類,維生素甲,乙,ç及礦物質鈣,磷,鉀,鐵和膳食纖維,對糖尿病,高血脂症,動脈硬化,便秘,解肝毒具有明顯效果。

它能清除體內垃圾,改善體內循環,促進新陳代謝,被譽為大自然的最佳清血劑。尤其牛蒡含有一種非常特殊的養分,叫菊糖,是一種可以促進荷爾蒙分泌的精氨酸,所以被視為有助人體筋骨發達,增強體力及壯陽的食物,尤其適合糖尿病患者使用。

此外,牛蒡的纖維可以刺激大腸蠕動,幫助排便,降低體內膽固醇,減少毒素,廢物在體內積存,達到預防中風,胃癌,子宮癌的功效。

牛蒡憑藉其獨特的香氣,豐富的營養價值而走俏東南亞市場,更風靡日本,台灣。日本,台灣民間將牛蒡作為補腎,壯陽,滋陰之聖品

美國著名的保健專家艾爾,敏德爾在他的抗衰老聖典一書指出,牛蒡深受全世界人們的喜愛,它是一種可以幫助人體維持良好工作狀態的溫和營養藥草,而對體內系統的平衡具有復原功效,他還指出,全世界最長壽的日本人就是長期使用牛蒡

中醫早對牛蒡的藥用價值給予肯定。牛蒡籽可作解毒,利尿之中藥; 牛蒡果可治浮腫,咽喉腫痛,肺炎,猩紅熱及流行性耳下腺炎,感冒; 牛蒡根與大腸燉食可以防止痔瘡,搗汁可以防治煩躁。

因於牛蒡有去淤,處鬱及促進血液循環的功能,所以很適用於長期久坐辦公室的上班族,不過牛蒡是很強的鹼性食物,患接觸性皮炎或濕疹的人,最好少用。

現在國內種植牛蒡多供出口,少量供應國內市場。選購牛蒡有講究,長 60厘米以上,直徑 2厘米以上,表皮光滑幼嫩,形體正直而新鮮的為上品。

牛蒡食用方法很多,可隨意烹飪,拌,炒,煮,涮,煲湯,作餡均可,特別是牛蒡茶,煮沸後味道最佳。

中華傳統藥膳牛蒡食療菜譜

牛蒡根燉雞適用於體虛瘦弱,四肢乏力,消渴,水腫,咽喉腫毒,咳嗽等病症。
牛蒡排骨湯
此菜湯汁清淡,有降火氣之效。
牛蒡燉肉
適用於頭暈,咽喉熱腫,陰虛,咳嗽,消渴,體虛,乏力,泄瀉等病症。
牛蒡燉豬大腸
適用於便血,血痢,痔瘡,脫肛,癰腫,消渴,咽喉腫等病症
牛蒡粥
適用於肺胃虛熱而引起的咽喉腫痛,咳嗽,食慾不佳,便秘等病症。
牛蒡魚蓉羹
功效:補益脾胃,適用於腦血管疾病,高血壓,冠心病等。
牛蒡豬肚絲
功效:補脾益氣,適用於糖尿病,消渴症(患者宜空腹食用效果更佳,渴則飲湯。)
牛蒡杜仲羹
功效:補益肝腎,強腎壯骨。中風後遺症。

找到一個最簡單的湯譜給大家,今晚不妨試下煲吧。

紅蘿蔔粟米牛蒡湯

材料:
紅蘿蔔 1
粟米 2
牛蒡半條(大部份超巿都有買得到)
瘦肉約 6

製法:
1.紅蘿蔔去皮切件。
2.粟米洗淨切件。
3..牛蒡洗淨 (可輕刮去皮,不去皮亦可)
4.將所有材料放入約 3 公升滾水中,慢火煲約 2 小時,落鹽調味。

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